Sugar cane grows best in warm, sunny, frost-free weather. It needs fertile, well-drained soil and at least 1,500 millimetres of rain each year or access to irrigation supplies. These ideal conditions are found along the Queensland coastline.

In Queensland more than 497,000 hectares of land is devoted to cane farming. Most farms range in size from 30 to 250 hectares.

Young sugarcane needs plenty of moisture and protection from weeds. Farmers use a cultivator implement which is hitched to a tractor to break up the soil and uproot weeds. When the sugarcane is taller, sunlight can't reach the ground, preventing most weed growth.

Young sugarcane needs plenty of moisture and protection from weeds.

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